The Otters’ scientific name is Lutrinae and in this article we will focus on the river otters among which we find four very important species such as the river wolves, the north American River Otter, the eurasian otters and finally the extinct Japanese otter. For example it helps to move the kelp around in the water. Early hunting methods included darts, arrows, nets and snares but later, traps were set on land and guns used. However, sea otters are acclimated to salt water, and come to shore only for occasional rest periods and to give birth. Extremely few individuals survive in Vietnam, southern Thailand, Sumatra and Cambodia, mainly due to poaching. They movement of the kelp throughout the water actually helps to improve the quality of the ecosystem for everything that lives in it. All species of Otters are mammals due to the fact that they give live birth to their offspring and that they nurse from their mothers. Do you have any nicknames? Smooth-coated otters occur throughout much of the Indian Subcontinent in Java, Sumatra and Borneo, northward to south-western China, east through Nepal and Bhutan and India to Pakistan, excluding the Indus Valley. iNaturalist.com is a citizen science project that allows us to track the location of species we are studying, such as otters, and invasive species within our park. There are several types of traps that have been designed for otters. [16] They frequently carry a rock in a pouch under their forearm and use this to smash open shells, making them one of the relatively small number of animals that use tools. Neotropical river otter, Lontra longicaudis. These otters have brown-to-gray fur, and their undersides are a lighter, silvery shade. Already have an account with us? You can unsubscribe at any time. To ensure that they stay dry they must spend… In the UK, the otters are protected completely under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. There is some debate as to whether the Congo clawless otter is a separate species to the African clawless otter (A.capensis), but it is considered a separate species by the IUCN Otter Specialist Group. They don’t have a natural fear of humans though like so many other animals do. For all-around protection, durability, and style, look no further than the OtterBox Commuter Series. Many people don’t realize the value that the Otter contributes to its environment. Instead the sea otter relies on its thick fur to keep its body temperature around 100 degrees. “Ugliest orchid in the world” among new plant species named in 2020, Hippo guide: species facts and the best places to see in the wild. Body Type: Large, hairy, often with facial hair. Because otters are so smart, and if you are looking for a humane approach to trapping and releasing them, your best options are either a spring load trap or a gravity trap. Due to trapping, water pollution and habitat degradation, the numbers of North American river otter had declined through most of their range by the early 1900s. However, only time will tell if they are subspecies of those already identified and classified or not. The African clawless otter is carnivorous. Should that bacteria develop it would harm and even kill Otters and other types of animals found in the water. Otters have been hunted for their pelts from at least the 1700s, although it may have begun well before then. Its scientific name is Emhydra Lutris Lutris Linneo, and it is also called Asian sea otter. This last might be because the tail of a neotropical otter is sometimes as long as, or longer than, its body. Otters range in size from 3 kg (6.6 pounds) in the Asian small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinereus, formerly Amblonyx cinereus) to 26 kg (57 pounds) in the giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) and 45 kg (99 pounds) in the sea otter (Enhydra lutris). Large-scale hunting, part of the Maritime Fur Trade, which would eventually kill approximately one million sea otters, began in the 18th century when hunters and traders began to arrive from all over the world to meet foreign demand for otter pelts, which were one of the world's most valua… Thus, although widespread, it's still la… Meet the adorable members of the otter family from around the world. It is found in the rainforests of the Congo basin including Democratic Republic of Congo, Equitorial Guinea and Gabon. Otters are fascinating animals as well as being adorable. Otters have their cubs in underground burrows, known as 'holts'. Discover more fascinating facts about giant otters in our fact file by the International Otter Survival Fund. Maybe you sometimes go by your middle name instead of your first name. Otters have a long muscular tail, short stout legs and thick oiled fur. 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