Instead, canvases would be placed directly upon the floor. In it, he represents one chair in three different ways to represent different meanings of the same object. Impress your friends: Learn to identify different art styles and movements like Baroque, Rococo, Romanticism and Impressionism. Mona Lisa, 1503Michelangelo The ideals present in each of these art forms reject order, harmony, and rationality, which were embraced in both classical art and Neoclassicism. The Minimalist movement emerged in New York as a group of younger artists began to question the overly expressive works of Abstract Expressionist artists. Read about Pablo Picasso or try replicating early Egyptian art. The styles of Baroque and Rococo were highly ornate, and artists of these styles often served kings. Council of Trent and Counter-Reformation (1545–1563); Art that breaks the rules; artifice over nature, Tintoretto, El Greco, Pontormo, Bronzino, Cellini, Magellan circumnavigates the globe (1520–1522), Splendor and flourish for God; art as a weapon in the religious, Reubens, Rembrandt, Caravaggio, Palace of Versailles, Thirty Years’ War between Catholics and Protestants, Art that recaptures Greco-Roman grace and grandeur, Enlightenment (18th century); Industrial Revolution, The triumph of imagination and individuality, Caspar Friedrich, Gericault, Delacroix, Turner, Benjamin, American Revolution (1775–1783); French Revolution, Capturing fleeting effects of natural light, Monet, Manet, Renoir, Pissarro, Cassatt, Morisot, Degas, Franco-Prussian War (1870–1871); Unification of Germany, Belle Époque (late-19th-century Golden Age); Japan, Harsh colors and flat surfaces (Fauvism); emotion distorting, Boxer Rebellion in China (1900); World War, Cubism, Futurism, Supremativism, Constructivism, De Stijl, Pre– and Post–World War 1 art experiments: new, Picasso, Braque, Leger, Boccioni, Severini, Malevich, Russian Revolution (1917); American women franchised, Abstract Expressionism (1940s–1950s) and Pop Art, Post–World War II: pure abstraction and expression, Gorky, Pollock, de Kooning, Rothko, Warhol, Lichtenstein. Alphonse Mucha, Princess Hyazinthe, 1911. Selected key events from the museum’s past are supplemented with archival images, audio recordings, and other documentary material from the holdings of the Gallery Archives. The Night Watch, 1642Johannes Vermeer Define an art movement and name at least one artist from each movement 2. This was characterized by short, quick brushstrokes and an unfinished, sketch-like feel. An Art History Timeline From Ancient to Contemporary Art. Art history is the study of aesthetic objects and visual expression in historical and stylistic context. Learn the main features and characteristics of Renaissance art. These civilizations included Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and those of the Americas. Vincent van Gogh is also considered a Post-Impressionist painter, searching for personal expression through his art, often through rugged brushstrokes and dark tones. Image via Wikimedia Commons. 18th century art includes late Baroque in the early 18th century, Rococo in the mid-18th century, Neo-Classicism in the 18th to 19th century, and Romanticism in the late 18th and 19th century. The Dance of Life, 1900Wassily Kandinsky Art History For Dummies Cheat Sheet By Jesse Bryant Wilder Studying art history starts with taking a look at the timeline of major art periods, including the artists and events that defined these movements and the evolution of art over time. The Rococo style also easily translated to silver, porcelain, and French furniture. It begins over 30,000 years ago and takes us through a series of movements, styles, and periods that reflect the time during which each piece of art was created. Post-Impressionist painters include Georges Seurat, noted for his pointillism technique that used small, distinct dots to form an image. Sources: The Metropolitan Museum of Art | Owlcation | Encyclopedia Britannica |  History | The Art Story | Oxford Art Online | ThoughtCo. Below is a comprehensive art movements timeline that explores the characteristics, leading contributors, and important influences of each prominent period in the history of Western art. Arguably the first modern art movement, Realism, began in France in the 1840s. Violin and Palette, 1909Pablo Picasso Image via Wikimedia Commons. Recap over a dozen types of art movements since the Baroque era 1700-1800 The art of the early settlers of America primarily revolved around handicrafts. Jean-Pierre Yvaral Pablo Picasso, Influential WorksGeorges Braque Violin and Palette, Georges Braque, 1909. A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte, 1886Vincent van Gogh Mannerist artists emerged from the ideals of Michelangelo, Raphael, and other Late Renaissance artists, but their focus on style and technique outweighed the meaning of the subject matter. It’s often referred to as the New York School or action painting. André Derain Artists urged viewers to focus on precisely what was in front of them, rather than draw parallels to outside realities and emotive thoughts through the use of purified forms, order, simplicity, and harmony. Each inspired new interest in accurately capturing everyday life. From prehistoric depictions of woolly mammoths to contemporary abstraction, artists have addressed their time and place in history and have expressed universal human truths for tens of thousands of years. As a result, many of the notable works during this movement are sculptural. Impressionist artists used modern life as their subject matter, painting situations like dance halls and sailboat regattas rather than historical and mythological events. Art began to change stylistically shortly after the High Renaissance, when clashes between the Christian faith and humanism gave way to Mannerism. Girl with a Pearl Earring, 1665, CharacteristicsLightness, elegance, natural forms, asymmetrical design, subtle colors, Leading ContributorsAntoine WatteauFrancois Boucher, Influential WorksAntoine Watteau The aesthetic offered a softer style of decorative art compared to Baroque’s exuberance. This was often achieved through abstract forms. Andy Warhol. Conceptual art completely rejected previous art movements, and artists prized ideas over visual components, creating art in the from of performances, ephemera, and other forms. ); Silk Road opens (1st century b.c. They moved away from traditional techniques and perspectives; instead, they created radically fragmented objects through abstraction. Woman with a Hat, 1905André Derain Blaze, 1964, CharacteristicsUse of everyday, mundane objects, bold, vivid colors, mass media, Leading ContributorsAndy WarholRoy Lichtenstein, Influential WorksAndy Warhol Sold for $4,114,500 via Sotheby’s (January 2012). The movement transitioned away from methods used in Abstract Expressionism, and instead used everyday, mundane objects to create innovative works of art that challenged consumerism and mass media. The Renaissance reached its height in Florence, Italy, due in large part to the Medici, a wealthy merchant family who adamantly supported the arts and humanism, a variety of beliefs and philosophies that places emphasis on the human realm. The Masterpieces of ART HISTORY TIMELINE Poster highlights what most scholars agree are the some of the most significant masterpieces in ART, ARCHITECTURE, SCULPTURE, and HISTORY from Prehistoric times until the present. Cimabue Claude Monet, Impression, Sunrise, 1872. Polish performance artist Ewa Partum’s Active Poetry consisted of her scattering single alphabet letters across various landscapes. William Blake, The Descent of Man into the Vale of Death. His 1968 Giap’s Igloo, one of what would soon become his signature series of igloos, focused on his occupations with the necessities of life: shelter, warmth, and food. Explain the state of art in both the prehistoric and medieval time periods 3. Pop art is one of the most recognizable artistic developments of the 20th century. Surrealists were influenced by Karl Marx and theories developed by Sigmund Freud, who explored psychoanalysis and the power of imagination. This attention to accuracy is evident in art produced during the movement, which featured detailed, life-like depictions of subject matter. The roots of Expressionism can be traced to Vincent van Gogh, Edvard Munch, and James Ensor. Because this type of art focused on ideas and concepts, there was no distinct style or form. If you’re interested in art history, the first thing you should do is take a look at this table which briefly outlines the artists, traits, works, and events that make up major art periods and how art evolved to present day: Cave painting, fertility goddesses, megalithic structures, Lascaux Cave Painting, Woman of Willendorf, Stonehenge, Ice Age ends (10,000 b.c.–8,000 b.c. The Met’s Timeline of Art History pairs essays and works of art with chronologies and tells the story of art and global culture through the collection. ); Augustus proclaimed, Indian, Chinese, and Japanese(653 b.c.–a.d. Below is a timeline of art movements throughout history. As the first avant-garde, 20th-century movement, this style was characterized by expressive use of intense color, line, and brushwork, a bold sense of surface design, and flat composition. Created around 1792 B.C., the piece bears a Babylonian set of laws carved in stone, adorned by an image of King Hammurabi—the sixth King of Babylonia—and the Mesopotamian god, Shabash. Henry Fuseli Henri Matisse, Influential WorksHenri Matisse Art History Timeline By Jesse Bryant Wilder The history of art is immense, the earliest cave paintings pre-date writing by almost 27,000 years! The earliest artifacts come from the Paleolithic era, or the Old Stone Age, in the form of rock carvings, engravings, pictorial imagery, sculptures, and stone arrangements. Jean-François Millet, The Gleaners, 1857. Mark Staff Brandl's Art History Timeline Quicky Crash Course (Short Form) Prehistoric 30-20000 BCE----- Egypt (Ancient) c.2500 BCE----- Other Early Civilizations Mesopotamia c.2000 BCE----- /Babylon/Sumeria The Robing of the Bride, 1940René Magritte The Persistence of Memory, 1931Max Ernst The Houses of Parliament, 1905-1906, CharacteristicsDistortion of form, strong use of colors, Leading ContributorsEdvard MunchWassily Kandinsky, Influential WorksEdvard Munch Handicraftsare items such as embroidery samplers, ivory carvings, silver pieces, and quilts. Henri Matisse, Woman With a Hat, 1905. Art history worksheets work well for art or history lessons and encourage young learners to explore their own creativity. Though discovered in 1940, they’re estimated to be up to 20,000 years old and depict large animals and vegetation from the area. This introduction to identifiable imagery was a shift from the direction of modernism. • 1919 in art – Death of Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Ralph Albert Blakelock, Walter Gropius founds the Bauhaus Neoclassical artists were influenced by classical elements; in particular, a focus on idealism. Guernica, 1937, CharacteristicsExploration of dreams and unconsciousness, inspired by Sigmund Freud, Leading Contributors Georges Braque Lamentation of Christ, 1305, CharacteristicsNatural elements, individualism, realism, attention-to-detail, precision of human anatomy, Leading ContributorsLeonardo da VinciMichelangeloRaphael, Influential WorksLeonardo da Vinci Crucifix, 1288Giotto Share the gift of imagination with art history worksheets. Influential WorksCode of Hammurabi, 1754 B.C. Rembrandt van Rijn, Influential WorksCaravaggio It focused on the natural world, characterized by long, sinuous lines and curves. Image via Wikimedia Commons. Augustus of Primaporta, Colosseum, Trajan’s Column, Julius Caesar assassinated (44 b.c. Alighiero Boetti Identify Renaissance art. Image via Wikimedia Commons. The history of art is immense, the earliest cave paintings pre-date writing by almost 27,000 years! Masterpieces of ART HISTORY TIMELINE Poster- 5 ft tall by 2 ft wide - All Hand Drawn Illustrations TimelineStaircase. This movement heavily influenced applied arts, graphics, and illustration. The beginning of art movements goes back to the dawn of humanity and is still an evolving story. Each features a pattern of rectilinear stripes of uniform width printed in metallic black ink. Realism was a result of multiple events: the anti-Romantic movement in Germany, the rise of journalism, and the advent of photography. The Three Graces, 1816, CharacteristicsImaginative elements, focus on passion, emotion, and observing the senses, Leading Contributors As seen in many of the works of Matisse himself, the separation of color from its descriptive, representational purpose was one of the core elements that shaped this movement. CharacteristicsDark imagery, biblical subjects, Classical mythology, Gothic architecture, Leading Contributors They blamed this thought process on events like World War I and believed it to repress imaginative thoughts. Edvard Munch, The Dance of Life, 1899. From the cave paintings at Lascaux to the renaissance, through the revolution of impressionism to the diamond skull, art has always been central to the human story and reflected the trials and turmoils, the joys and perplexities of the age. Abstract Expressionism: Art History 101 Basics. Often, their subjects weren’t even discernible. Rococo is characterized by lightness and elegance, focusing on the use of natural forms, asymmetrical design, and subtle colors. Birth of Buddha (563 b.c. Update your email preferences at any time. There is a lot to be found in a timeline of art history. The Calling of St Matthew, 1600Rembrandt Sold for $17,327,500 via Sotheby’s (May 1998). Black Series I, 1967, CharacteristicsAn emphasis on ideas over visual components in the form of performances, ephemera, and other forms, Leading ContributorsJoseph KosuthMarcel DuchampSol LeWitt, Influential WorksJoseph Kosuth Often, figures had graceful, elongated limbs, small heads, stylized features and exaggerated details. Cold War and Vietnam War (U.S. enters 1965); U.S.S.R. Postmodernism and Deconstructivism (1970– ), Art without a center and reworking and mixing past styles. As its name suggests, the Neoclassical period drew upon elements from classical antiquity. Art from this period relied on the use of natural pigmentsand stone carvings to create representations of objects, animals, and rituals that governed a civilization’s existence. Raffaello Sanzio da Urbin, The School of Athens, 1511. Embarkation for Cythera, 1718Francois Boucher ... education and commerce. Sold for $225,000 via Sotheby’s (January 2016). Goals / Objectives: Students will be able to understand that art has developed through time and can be placed into different art era categories. Donald Judd Justinian partly restores Western Roman Empire (a.d. Celtic art, Carolingian Renaissance, Romanesque, Gothic. Before his … From shop TimelineStaircase. Some of the most celebrated Mannerist artists include Giorgio Vasari, Francesco Salviati, Domenico Beccafumi, and Bronzino, who is widely considered to be the most important Mannerist painter in Florence during his time. Prominent groups including Die Brücke (The Bridge) and Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider) formed so artists could publish works and express their ideals collectively. Allegory of the Immaculate Conception, 1541, CharacteristicsOrnate, grandeur, richness, stylistically complex, dramatic, Leading Contributors After this lesson on art history, your students will be able to: 1. Art movements throughout the history of Western art have offered a swath of diverse, influential styles, techniques, and media across the globe. 12000 BCE-2000 BCE Artwork throughout the Renaissance was characterized by realism, attention to detail, and precise study of human anatomy. The Baroque period that followed Mannerism yielded ornate, over-the-top visual arts and architecture. Each movement shed light on distinctive painting, sculpture, architectural achievements, and other defining works. They aim to educate and introduce topics using technology and the interactive capabilities of the web. Antoine Watteau, The Embarkation for Cythera 1717. Mario Merz, Influential WorksMario Merz Artists used soil, rocks, paper, rope, and other earthen elements to evoke a pre-industrial sentiment. Alphonse MuchaPrincess Hyacinth, 1911, CharacteristicsShort, quick brushstrokes, separation of color, sketch-like finish, modern subject matter, Leading ContributorsClaude MonetPierre-Auguste Renoir, Influential WorksPierre-Auguste Renoir This style of painting, sculpture, and decorative art was characterized by a focus on nature and individualism, the thought of man as independent and self-reliant. Orange and Yellow, 1956, CharacteristicsUse of colors, patterns, shapes, and contrast to create images that appeared to be moving or blurring, Leading ContributorsBridget Riley Though these ideals were present in the late Medieval period, they flourished in the 15th and 16th centuries, paralleling social and economic changes like secularization. Art History Timeline Submitted by: Michele Hart, HS Art Teacher Title of Lesson: Art History Timeline Grade level: Middle or High School . Antonio Canova Only 1 available and it's in 2 people's carts. Expressionist art sought to draw from within the artist, using a distortion of form and strong colors to display anxieties and raw emotions. Giorgio Vasari, Influential WorksBronzino, Venus, Cupid, Folly and Time, 1540Giorgio Vasari Giotto, Influential WorksCimabue Giap’s Igloo, 1968, CharacteristicsA focus on exactly what the art portrays, aside from outside realities and emotions, Leading Contributors The medium of a work of art from this period varies depending on the civilization that produced it, but most art served similar purposes: to tell stories, decorate utilitarian objects like bowls and weapons, display religious and symbolic imagery, and demonstrate social status. Our Art History Timelines offer a simple explanation of the major styles of art, highlighting important artists and key paintings from each movement. Architecture Timeline - Western Influences on Building Design. History of art educational wall poster. Tools, livestock, farming — and big, big rocks. Brushstrokes, 1962, CharacteristicsUse of soil, rocks, paper, and other natural elements to create a pre-industrial sentiment, Leading Contributors Painters used an intense contrast between light and dark and had energetic compositions matched by rich color palettes. Alphonse Mucha Prominent Romantic painters include Henry Fuseli, who created strange, macabre paintings that explored the dark recesses of human psychology, and William Blake, whose mysterious poems and images conveyed mystical visions and his disappointment in societal constraints. Spanish architect and sculptor Antoni Gaudi went beyond focusing on lines to create curving, brightly-colored constructions like that of the Basilica de la Sagrada Familia in Barcelona. ); Rameses II battles, Greek idealism: balance, perfect proportions; architectural, Parthenon, Myron, Phidias, Polykleitos, Praxiteles, Athens defeats Persia at Marathon (490 b.c. American artist Frank Stella was of the earliest adopters of Minimalism, producing nonrepresentational paintings, as seen in his Black Paintings completed between 1958 and 1960. Carl Andre These abstract patterns were meant to both confuse and excite the eye. Cubism was established by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, who rejected the concept that art should copy nature. Incorporating details of arts and crafts from Prehistory, Classical Antiquity, The Dark Ages, The Middle Ages, and The Renaissance, as well as Modern and Postmodern movements, the timeline includes: styles of painting, as well as sculpture, and architecture, plus schools of decorative and interior design, and a variety of 20th century forms of contemporary creative expression. Image via Wikimedia Commons. Rococo originated in Paris, encompassing decorative art, painting, architecture, and sculpture. Gerhard Richter, Cindy Sherman, Anselm Kiefer, Frank Gehry, Nuclear freeze movement; Cold War fizzles; Communism collapses. Dalí’s paintings in particular pair vivid and bizarre dreams with historical accuracy. Baroque artists were stylistically complex. Viking Raids (793–1066); Battle of Hastings (1066); Ghiberti’s Doors, Brunelleschi, Donatello, Botticelli, Gutenberg invents movable type (1447); Turks conquer, Venetian and Northern Renaissance (1430–1550), The Renaissance spreads north- ward to France, the Low, Bellini, Giorgione, Titian, Dürer, Bruegel, Bosch, Jan van. Understanding the timeline of art history and how each period has influenced later movements is paramount to building a thoughtful, cohesive collection. Many Cubist painters’ works are marked by flat, two-dimensional surfaces, geometric forms or “cubes” of objects, and multiple vantage points. Choose from 500 different sets of in timeline dates art history flashcards on Quizlet. With many artists today like Banksy, Kerry James Marshall, Mickalene Thomas, and Kehinde Wiley consistently infusing art historical references into contemporary works, understanding the historical context and significance of each period and movement is critical for collectors and art enthusiasts alike. Romanticism embodies a broad range of disciplines, from painting to music to literature. Handicrafts were some of the other pieces of art to emerge during this period. One of the most famous works from ancient Mesopotamia is the Code of Hammurabi. Frank Stella, Influential WorksFrank Stella Image via Wikimedia Commons. Parietal Art:Paintings, murals, drawings, etchings, carvings, and pecked artwork on the interior of rock shelters and caves; also known as cave art. Perhaps the most famous pop culture work of art is Warhol’s Campbell’s Soup Cans production. ); Peloponnesian, Roman realism: practical and down to earth; the arch. What is an art movement? The Birth of Impressionism: Manet and Monet, Tracking the “Noble Savage”: Paul Gauguin. View our, Art History Timeline: Western Art Movements and Their Impact, Fresco painting in St. Charles's church in Vienna, Prehistoric cultures that existed before the advent of a written language, Civilizations from Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and the Americas, The Descent of Man into the Vale of Death, Louis Vuitton Handbags: Iconic Styles and Price Guide, The Surprising Market for Russian Nesting Dolls, Furoshiki: The Art of Japanese Fabric Wrapping, The Wine Lover’s Guide to Different Types of Champagne. Offered for €6,000 – 8,000 via Artcurial (May 2010). Image via Wikimedia Commons. They concentrated on subjective visions and symbolic, personal meanings rather than observations of the outside world. Image via Wikimedia Commons. Image via Wikimedia Commons. One of the most famous examples is that of the Paleolithic cave pai… This included colossally-scaled works whose size could no longer be accommodated by an easel. Image via Wikipedia. Art Nouveau, which translates to “New Art,” attempted to create an entirely authentic movement free from any imitation of styles that preceded it. William Blake, Influential WorksHenry Fuseli Gustav KlimtThe Kiss, 1908 Impressionist painters sought to capture the immediate impression of a particular moment. Jackson Pollock Any paintings done were realistic portraits and historical paintings similar in style to their European counterparts, such as Gilbert Stuart's portrait of George Washington in 1796 and John Singleton Copley's 'Watson and the Shark' in 1778. Victor Vasarely, Influential WorksBridget Riley The timelines feature brief summaries of important events in the visual arts; many of the summaries are accompanied by an image, and all link to articles in Grove Art Online for further reading. Italian designer Filippo Brunelleschi and sculptor Donatello were key innovators during this period. Fauvism was an important precursor of Cubism and Expressionism. Caravaggio, The Calling of Saint Matthew, circa 1599-1600. Timeline World Map Essays on Art. Heightened by advances in science and technology as well as an interest in optical effects and illusions, the Op art (short for “optical” art) movement launched with Le Mouvement, a group exhibition at Galerie Denise Rene in 1955. This period was also responsible for the emergence of the illuminated manuscript and Gothic architecture style. Saturn Devouring His Son, 1823, CharacteristicsDetailed depictions of everyday life, Leading ContributorsGustave CourbetJean-François Millet, Influential WorksJean-François Millet 1900), Serene, meditative art, and Arts of the Floating World, Gu Kaizhi, Li Cheng, Guo Xi, Hokusai, Hiroshige. Finding your way along the art history timeline is not easy. ); Byzantine and Islamic (a.d. 476–a.d.1453), Heavenly Byzantine mosaics; Islamic architecture and amazing, Hagia Sophia, Andrei Rublev, Mosque of Córdoba, the. Painters like Antoine Watteau and Francois Boucher used lighthearted treatments, rich brushwork, and fresh colors. The earliest artifacts come from the Paleolithic era, or the Old Stone Age, in the form of rock carvings, engravings, pictorial imagery, sculptures, and stone arrangements. Autumn Rhythm (Number 30), 1950Mark Rothko Gustav Klimt, Influential Works One of the most influential leaders of the Realist movement is Gustave Courbet, a French artist committed to painting only what he could physically see. Also, you can visit the full list of all movements and styles on The Art Story. Click on the genres below to learn more about key characteristics and leading contributors of Western art’s pivotal periods. American artist Joseph Kosuth explored the production and role of language within art, as seen in his 1965, One and Three Chairs. Since these early examples, a plethora of art movements have followed, each bearing their own distinct styles and characteristics that reflect the political and social influences of the period from which they emerged. Definitive examples of influential art from this period include the catacombs in Rome, Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, the Lindisfarne Gospels, one of the best-known examples of the illuminated manuscript, and Notre Dame, a Parisian cathedral and prominent example of Gothic architecture. Francisco Goya Simone Martini. George Seurat, A Sunday on the Island of La Grande Jatte, 1884. Expressionist painters, in a quest for authenticity, looked for inspiration beyond that of Western art and frequented ethnographic museums to revisit native folk traditions and tribal art. Artists used linear perspective and created depth through intense lighting and shading. Celebrated Abstract Expressionist painters include Jackson Pollock, known for his unique style of drip painting, and Mark Rothko, whose paintings employed large blocks of color to convey a sense of spirituality. Artists active in this style used shapes, colors, and patterns to create images that appeared to be moving or blurring, often produced in black and white for maximum contrast. Image via Wikimedia Commons. Archaeological ruins of ancient civilizations in Athens and Naples that were discovered at the time reignited a passion for all things past, and artists strove to recreate the great works of ancient art. The 1970s marked the beginning of contemporary art, which extends through present day. Her 1964 artwork Blaze features zigzag black and white lines that create the illusion of a circular decent. South/Southeast Asian Art Twentieth-Century Art Browse All; Medium Aesthetics Archaeology Architecture and Urban Planning Art Education Art History and Theory Art Law and Crime Art Markets Art Materials and Techniques Arts Administration Books, Manuscripts, and Illustration Ceramics and Pottery Collecting, Patronage, and Display of Art As the first millennium passed, more sophisticated and elaborately decorated churches emerged; windows and silhouettes were adorned with biblical subjects and scenes from classical mythology. René Magritte Johannes Vermeer Art History Timeline Art Periods/ Movements Dates Chief Artists and Major Works Characteristics Historical Events Mesopotamia - Ancient Near East (3500 BCE – 636 BCE) Chapter 2 Sumerian (2700 BCE) Sumerian Votive Offerings, Standard of Ur, Ziggurat of Ur, Bull Lyre Warrior art and narration in stone relief Sumerians invent writing (3400 Instead, Romantic artists emphasized the individual and imagination. CharacteristicsRock carvings, pictorial imagery, sculptures, and stone arrangements, Leading ContributorsPrehistoric cultures that existed before the advent of a written language, Influential WorksLascaux cave paintings, Paleolithic era, CharacteristicsReligious and symbolic imagery, decorations for utilitarian objects, mythological stories, Leading ContributorsCivilizations from Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and the Americas. Expressionism emerged as a response to increasingly conflicted world views and the loss of spirituality. With art history can be traced to Vincent van Gogh and george Seurat, a French artist who spearheaded idea! And believed it to repress imaginative thoughts Online | ThoughtCo form an image of forms... Also responsible for the emergence of the notable works during this period dominated... Nature, is virtually synonymous with the impressionist movement they’re estimated to be up to 20,000 years and. 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