The Sow Thistles are sometimes mistakenly called Milk Thistles from the milky juice they contain; the true Milk Thistle is, however, a very different plant. Stir thoroughly so that all the pieces are coated and leave for 30 minutes. The plant has deep tap root system which is upright with many branches. Sonchus carolinianus Walter; Sonchus cuspidatus Blume; Sonchus decipiens (De Not.) Milky sap has been used as a chewing gum by the Maoris of New Zealand. Flowering normally takes place from June to August. Its young leaves and stems are consumed raw in salads and cooked, both in soups, with legumes, fried with. Hutchinson et al. Common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, Western Australia, South Australia, New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania and the Northern Territory. Already, this will help you narrow down to two plants, and will not for example pick yellow daisies instead. It prefers slightly alkaline or neutral soils, fine-textured, rich soils. Sonchus oleraceus f. lacerus (Willd.) The upper leaves are smaller than the lower leaves, stalk less and clasp the stems with claw like basal lobes. Terms & conditions Origin. Leaves . Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] Preferred Common Name. Sow thistle is eaten throughout history. Zenari; Sonchus eryngiifolius Sosn. It is extremely rich in calcium and Vitamins A and C. Noxious weeds must be controlled, meaning their growth or spread needs to be prevented. Other medicinal uses are mainly related to intestinal and skin disorders. Skype: healthbenefit55, Nutritional value of Fresh tender leaves of Sow thistle. Young plants are easy to pull out and the tap roots will come with them, but as the plants get older and more firmly rooted, they cannot be pulled out without breaking off the stems, which will then regrow. J. The plant mostly grows on humus-rich, chalky, mild soils well-supplied with nutrients. Annual, reproducing only be seed. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.It is native to Europe and western Asia. Closer-view-of-Flowering-buds-of-Sow-thistle, Sow-thistle-Flower-bud-infested-with-aphids. My foraging of wild garlic led me to read up more about wild vegetables. Add the sow-thistle leaves and continue frying for another 3 or 4 minutes, stirring to prevent burning and distribute the heat. Add minced garlic and saute for another minute. Sow thistle Scientific name: Sonchus oleraceus & Sonchus asper (Prickly sow thistle) Sonchus oleraceus ac (Sow thistle) Sonchus asper k (Sow thistle) Sonchus asper aw . Perennial sow-thistle seed germinates when the soil has warmed in the spring, usually mid-to late May in Alberta. Eradication of Sow thistle plants from ruderal spots close to farm crops before flowering will prevent the achene spreading by means of wind. *Above mentioned Percent Daily Values (%DVs) are based on 2,000 calorie diet intake. Flowers tend to open primarily between the hours of 6 am till 11 am. The first leaves are round with a slightly toothed margin with a few spines. Sonchus infestus Poepp. 2. Widderick and Walker provide advice on appropriate herbicides for its control in wheat, how to manage the weed in Queensland and Northern New South Wales, and how to avoid further development and spread of herbicide resistance, including the dreadful prospect of glyphosate resistance. The floral bracts at the base of the flower head are dull green, hairless and overlap each other in a vertical series, Achene (a dry indehiscent, non-opening, 1-seeded fruit) that is 2.5-4mm long and 1mm wide, brown, 3-ribbed on each face, wrinkled with narrow margins and compressed and obovoid in shape, Light with white parachutes of silky hairs (pappus), the silky hairs being 5-8mm long, Vitamin K (phylloquinone) 175 µg (145.83%), Spermatophytina  (spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames), Lignoceric acid (tetracosanoic acid) 24:00, Linoleic acid 18:2 (octadecadienoic acid), Linolenic acid 18:3 (Octadecatrienoic acid). subbipinnatifidus (Guss.) Sonchus oleraceus var. They are also used in the treatment of eye problems, gastritis, salmonella infection, kwashiorkor and anemia. Your email address will not be published. The species of this genus has been probably consumed since ancient times. Carry It Like Harry is a blog about the little inspirations I find in life that add moments of joy and satisfaction. https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=38427#null, https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/55206/, http://www.hear.org/pier/species/sonchus_oleraceus.htm, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=34939, https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Sonchus+oleraceus, http://www.floracatalana.net/sonchus-oleraceus-l-, https://botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/s/sowthi71.html, https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SOOL, http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/gcc-26069, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonchus_oleraceus, http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Sow%20Thistle.html. Lower the heat to medium and add the Sow thistle leaves while stirring. Beck. Once the flowers turn into fruits, you have a ball of white parachutes that fly when the wind blows. Because, On Monolithos, you will witness the magnificent su, ➡️SWIPE LEFT The leaf shape resembles dandelion or chicory but has spines along the margin of the leaf. The common name 'sow thistle' derives from its attractiveness to swine and the similarity of its leaf to the pig's ear. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. Required fields are marked *. Privacy Policy Scientific Name: Sonchus asper Spiny Annual Sow Thistle ( Enlarge Image ) Chinese doctor Li Shizhen 李时珍 (1518-1593AD) wrote in his Compendium of Materia Medica (Bencao Gangmu 本草纲目) about sow thistles: ’Long-term consumption calms the heart, benefits the chi, lightens the body and resists ageing.’. Standing on the shoulders of gian. It is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins (A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). Roots are abortifacient, purgative and vermifuge. Decoction of the whole plant is used against hemorrhoids. The other obvious risk is that you might not identify the plant properly. Sonchus eryngioides DC. asper : prickly sow thistle SOASG2: Sonchus asper (L.) Hill ssp. When they’re all shrunk, add some chicken broth and cover, simmer for ten minutes. Juice of the plant used for cleaning and healing ulcers. However the species has now developed resistance to ALS-inhibiting herbicides such as chlorsulfuron and metsulfuron-methyl in Australia. Botany Gagatang is an erect, annual, milky, hairy or slightly glandular herb, growing 40 to 80 centimeters high. Calculations are based on average age of 19 to 50 years and weighs 194 lbs. Want to find out how you can make a simple dish with sow thistle? Scientific Name: Actites megalocarpa (syn. The common name hare’s thistle refers to its purported beneficial effects on hare and rabbits. Sonchus fallax Wallr. Buds have a shape of blue-green barrels, being cylindrical and stout, Yellow in color, up to 7 mm in diameter. First of all, you should not do it alone, but with an experienced person. sow thistle This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Heat some butter or oil in a pan and add the leaves. It is also said to have anticancer activity. purpurascens Druce, Sonchus oleraceus var. Scientific Name: Sonchus oleraceus L. Other Names: Laiteron potager, Common annual sow-thistle, laiteron lisse, laiteron commun. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Thistle is the common name of a group of flowering plants characterised by leaves with sharp prickles on the margins, mostly in the family Asteraceae. That being said, this does not mean that you should give up on wild vegetables! Although grazing animals (and butterflies) actually prefer the Sonchus to grass farmers rant about the plant because it’s a weed amongst their crop. It is also said to have anticancer activity. ciliatus (Lam.) Mix together well in a bowl and then add the sliced meat. They are dark green in color (sometimes tinted with a reddish-purple tinge). This is where the Chinese word ‘springrolls’ (chunjuan 春卷) comes from: in late spring, one gathers wild vegetables and mixes them with meat, wraps them in thin wrappers, then deep-fried as a great snack. 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Cattle and sheep readily graze the plants, one of the reasons for its lack of persistence in pastures. Common Name: Perennial sow thistle. Common Sow Thistle. It is also used to treat a wide variety of infections. Erect, 5 angled hollow stem  that are 60 – 150 cm high, smooth and hairless on the lower part but glandular-hairy towards the top and on branches, hollow, thick, branched stems full of milky juice. For me, that’s happiness. Flower heads are yellow and are 5-6 mm in diameter and are borne on stalks at the ends of branches, in an irregular terminal panicle (a compound inflorescence with a main axis and lateral branches which are further branched, and in which each axis ends in a flower or bud), with or without hairs. Calories 33 K cal. Crop rotations must be complied with, as well as suitable timing for summer and autumn ploughing. Apart from that the common name sow thistle refers to its attractiveness to swine, and the similarity of the leaf to younger thistle plants. Sonchus arvensis Field sow-thistle Laiteron des champs Sonchus asper Prickly sow-thistle Laiteron rude Sonchus oleraceus Common sow-thistle Laiteron potager Symphyotrichum ericoides White heath aster Aster éricode Symphyotrichum laeve Smooth aster Aster lisse Symphyotrichum novae-angliae New England aster Aster de nouvelle- Angleterre Symphyotrichum sericeum Western silvery aster Aster … ANNUAL SOW THISTLE Sonchus oleraceus L. Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower). There are many benefits eating sow thistles, and certainly also of other wild vegetables: In Greek culture, the term ’horta’ refers to a whole variety of wild greens such as sow thistles, nettles, dandelions, amaranth etc. The upper leaves are smaller than the lower leaves, stalk less and clasp the stems with claw like basal lobes. Sonchus borderi Gand. Sonchus arvensis, the field milk thistle, field sowthistle, perennial sow-thistle, corn sow thistle, dindle, gutweed, swine thistle, or tree sow thistle, is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae. Sonchus ciliatus var. Stem is erect, 5 angled, that are 60 – 150 cm high, smooth and hairless on the lower part but glandular-hairy towards the top and on branches, hollow, thick, branched stems full of milky juice. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including Common Sow thistle, Milk Thistle, Smooth Saw-thistle, Sow Thistle, Annual Sow thistle, annual milk thistle, hare’s-lettuce, common milk thistle, colewort, field sow thistle, hare’s thistle, small sow thistle, Hare’s Colwort, Common Milk Sow-thistle, Milky Tassel, Milk-weed, Thalaak or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the … As for the sow thistle’s botanical name: Sonchus is the ancient Greek name for the plant and means “hollow” referring to the plant’s hollow stem, a point of identification. Lanceolate to oblanceolate in shape, hairless and dark green in color with pale white to purple veins. The scientific name's latin roots are: sonchus, hollow stem and oleraceus, delectable nature, herb used in cooking. The sun is always there, behind the cloud, Yes, things are tough. Classification. When I was growing up on farms in South Devon during the war we always called the milk thistle ( I think it is really the smooth sow-thistle) a Milky dashel. Gum has been used as a cure for the opium habit. Leaves are thin and soft, measuring up to 36 cm long and 12 cm wide. Older plants will also have purplish veins/stems in the leaves, which will taste bitter and not so pleasant as salad (hence the name ‘bitter vegetable’ kucai, 苦菜 in Chinese). The stems are erect, 1-4 ft. high, hollow, and glabrous. They usually have a mild agreeable flavor especially in the spring. All rights reserved. But as you can see from the photo below, dandelions are low and their leaves spread out in a disk. It is abundant in California to about 4900 feet (1500 m) and is commonly found in California's Central Valley and coastal areas where it grows year-round. Key characteristics Biology Impacts Control Further information Key characteristics. Next, make up a marinade from the remainder of the first group of ingredients, using a splash of soy sauce, slugs of water and wine, seasoning and pinches of corn flour and sugar. Add a pinch of nutmeg, the flour and some seasoning. This species has been commonly used as a wild green throughout the Mediterranean region, as recorded in Portugal, Spain, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Jordan, Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco. Habitat: disturbed areas, roadsides, ornamental beds. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY Although it is generally collected for domestic consumption, it can also be found in some wild vegetable mixes sold in the markets of southern Croatia. The seeds are flat achenes, approximately 0.12 inches long, ribbed lengthwise, brown, with a pappus of white hair at one end. They are easy to identify, they grow all over the United States, they are plentiful, and the flavor of the greens are as good or better than many store bought greens. Traditionally, Northeast Asians – Chinese, Japanese and Koreans – have the tradition of foraging wild vegetables towards the end of spring. Sow Thistle is one of my favorite greens when collected from a young plant growing in partial shade. Fertile flowers are followed by an achene (a dry indehiscent, non-opening, 1-seeded fruit) that is 2.5-4 mm long and 1mm wide, brown, 3-ribbed on each face, wrinkled with narrow margins and compressed and obovoid in shape. Its flowers have also been used to curdle, 1 or 2 handfuls sow-thistle leaves – young. They have sparse hairs on the upper leaf surface. Flower heads are numerous, yellow, and appear in corymbs. It is a pity that in America they ignore the Chinese etymological origin and rename them ‘eggrolls’. glaucescens (Jord.) The older a plant is, the more the leaves will look thistle-like. Dioscorides in the first century, mentioned two kinds of sónkhos, one more rough and prickly, the other more tender and edible (Laguna 1555), probably Sonchus asper and S. oleraceus (Osbaldeston 2000). An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhea. Plants do not regrow from root fragments. Add a good slug of stock or water, reduce the heat to a simmer and cover. Annual sowthistle inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed locations. They are part of our culinary heritage and should not be lost, as they already are in this increasingly commercialised mass-production food culture. spiny sow-thistle; Other Scientific Names. Smooth sow-thistle arrived in Finland with people. (1984) recommended repeated autumn tillage in milder Canadian climates, or in spring after spring emergence of seedlings. Reproducing by seed and from buds on widely spreading, creamy white, brittle, underground roots. triangularis Wallr. The mature leaves are thin, soft and dark-green in color with irregularly-toothed margins ending in small, soft spines. Herb: Sow Thistle Latin name: Sonchus oleraceus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Sow Thistle: The plant is emmenagogue and hepatic. The possibility of biological control had apparently been discovered earlier in Canada. Use of leaf sap to treat earache and deafness is probably effective in cases where excessive amounts of earwax are the underlying cause of the problem. Heat olive oil in a big fry pan and saute the red onion for three minutes. Season Start: Jan : Season End: Dec : Please note that each and every hedgerow item you come across may vary in appearance to these photos. The seedling grows slowly for about two weeks until the leaves are about 3 cm long and then forms a rosette. runcinatus W.D.J.Koch, Sonchus oleraceus var. Also, rabbits seem to like to eat them, hence they are also called hare thistle. It looks like thistle, but is not, because its leaves are not hard at all. The floral bracts at the base of the flower head are dull green, hairless and overlap each other in a vertical series. An ointment made from decoction is applied for healing wounds and ulcers. Sow thistle leaves do not have that. Leaves are lanceolate to oblanceolate in shape, hairless and dark green in color with pale white to purple veins.